International Journal of Integrative Humanism Vol. 10 No. 1, November 2018.
ISSN: 2026 – 6286
Enyimba, Maduka and Okpe, Timothy
An integrative analysis of Hindu and Hegelian metaphysics shows that both appear to resolve the problem of one and many, unity in diversity and the problem of self-identity or self-realization using the concept of Brahman and Absolute Spirit, respectively. The concept of Brahman as used here refers to the one and only true reality. It is the ultimate reality from which every other thing – living and non-living take their existence. The Indians or Hindus use this concept to represent that entity which transcends time and space that cannot be comprehended by human thought. The notion of Atman, on the other hand, refers to the innermost and unseen self of an individual which includes his feelings, will power and self-consciousness. Atman is the individual person. The notion of Absolute Spirit as used by Hegel simply refers to Reason, Idea, God or the totality of reality. The interdependence of Brahman and Atman, and Absolute spirit and man showcases the fact that human persons serve as missing links of each other’s reality or realization of each other’s authentic self. Hence, we cannot do without each other. We are integrated one to another. In fact, the moment we begin to see ourselves as distinct entities from each other, we begin to lose our authentic self-worth as social beings, and chaos, conflicts, aggression, antagonism, frustration, pains, suspicion, betrayal and all forms of violence and man’s inhumanity to man begin to take their toll on our relationships. Hence, it is argued that human relationship at the individual, national and international levels stand the chance of improvement in terms of peace and harmonious co-existence, given the application of Hindu and Hegelian concepts of Brahman and Absolute Spirit which is anchored on the philosophy and method of integrative humanism.
Keywords: Integrative Humanism, Hinduism, Hegelianism, Human Relations.