Geographical Access to Healthcare Services in Nigeria – A Review

International Journal of Integrative Humanism Vol. 10 No. 1, November 2018.
ISSN: 2026 – 6286

Edet Otu

Abstract
The Nigerian economy is dwindling, the health system is failing, and the wellbeing of the citizenry is declining. The cost of living is high, the road network is poor, and many people lack enough to afford expensive healthcare, apart from paying an extra for transport to a long-distance health facility. The situation increases the tendency to delay or miss effective health care on a daily basis all over the country; especially in rural areas where infrastructural development is low. As effective treatment is delayed for a prolonged period, the severity of outcomes, hospitalisation and mortality are likely to occur. Are these the reasons for high maternal mortality, child mortality, HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and low life expectancy in Nigeria? Health planners, over the years, have been focussing on financing healthcare with less consideration of the viability of facilities’ locations. Thus, laudable projects over the years have become redundant or shut down shortly after commissioning. It is glaring that finance alone will not redeem the failing Nigerian health system. Therefore, healthcare planners and researchers must prioritise other dimensions of healthcare access such as geographical accessibility which they have ignored over the years.

Keywords: Geographical access, healthcare, health system, Nigeria.

Edioms: Research and publication services

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