Journal of Integrative Humanism Vol. 3 No. 2  (2014)   Integrative Perspective  ISSN: 2026 – 6286     Submit Article

AN ANALYSIS OF A NEW DIMENSION OF PERSONAL NAMES AND DOCUMENTATION IN IBIBIO FOLK PHILOSOPHY: AN EXERCISE IN LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY

Ncha Gabriel Bubu; Department of Philosophy, University of Calabar

Abstract

Names form a significant aspect of the thought system of the Ibibio Folk philosophy and metaphysics, and play a significant role in determining the future of an individual negative or positive, as names were given indiscriminately before now. However, a recent discovery shows that a new dimension in naming has found its way into the heuristic belief system of the Ibibio which tilts towards only names that are carefully given, and which affects the individual positively. This paper explores this assertion with a view to ascertaining its importance in the Ibibio thought system.

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REVOLUTIONARY IMPULSE IN SELECTED POEMS OF HOPE EGHAGHA

Mgbojirikwe Chinaka.C; Department Of English And Literary Studies, University Of Calabar and Okoronkwo Onyebuchi, Department Of Economics, University Of Calabar

Abstract

This study on “Revolutionary Impulse in Selected Poems of Hope Eghagha” explores the facets of psychological and revolutionary appeal on the oppressed masses in an effort to incite them to expropriate the expropriators in the society. The study is based on Eghagha’s Rhythms of the Last Testament (2002) and Premonitions and Other Dreams (2005). The study employs the theories of Psychoanalysis and Marxism to study the selected poems. As poet, Eghagha focuses on the social environment and how its structural composition affects various structural units in the society. For the poet, the structure of the society reflects oppression of the majority by the minority. His poetry consequently portrays various forms of social vices such as oppression, exploitation, corruption, injustice, insincerity, apathy, hypocrisy and betrayal, and presents them as driving forces to help the oppressed masses struggle for equitable distribution of resources. The study further demonstrates that this explicational approach facilitates access to the poet’s thematic foci which realize the immense constraints of society, and seek to use art as a revolutionary tool to salvage it. Equally, through the treatment of style –language, imagery and symbols, and graphological patterns — insights are got on how the consciousness of the masses is shaped towards revolutionary action against social vices. The study discovers that the style of the poet is soused with the theme of revolutionary impulse which helps to bring out the exquisiteness in the poetry. Ultimately, the research concludes that a study of revolutionary impulse in the poetry of Eghagha could offer a revolutionary understanding and mindset to the poetry of most contemporary Nigerian poets.

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APPROACHES AND EFFECTS OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW IN NIGERIAN POLITICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE SETTING

Lily N. Ozumba; Department of political Science, University Of Calabar, Nigeria

Abstract

This paper has to do with an attempt to understand the place of Administrative law in the political, social and Administrative settings. We have tried to capture the importance of having laws put in place for effective maintenance of law and order in the world of work and in governance in general. The general conventional wisdom is that educated Administrators always know what to do. The sad story is that liberty and freedom to exercise administrative power have often led to administrative vices like impunity, oppression, victimization and so on. It is therefore needful to put in place administrative laws to provide checks and balances in the administrative setting and to stipulate remedies for those who become victims of executive or administrative high handedness and misrule. The need for laws oversight role in the administrative setting is stressed in this paper. We have also tried to express how the regulatory role of laws will enhance workers’ welfare thereby impacting on their general productivity and efficiency. We however noted with dismay that the public complaints commission is not playing its statutory role due to lack of publicity of functions and the politicization of its operations. Our conclusion is that all efforts should be geared towards the optimization of Administrative laws in order to enhance greater harmony and efficiency in all tiers of government in all the sectors of our economy.

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CHILD HEADED HOUSEHOLDS: IDENTIFICATION OF THE HOUSEHOLDS AND REASONS FOR THEIR FORMATION IN RESOURCE POOR COMMUNITIES IN SOSHANGUVE, SOUTH AFRICA

Ibebuike, Julia E., RN, RM, B.SC., M.ED; Adelaide Tambo School Of Nursing Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa

Van Belkum, Corrien, HB SOC SC, M SOC SC, PHD, College Of Nursing, King Saud Bin Abdulazis University For Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Maja, Todd M.M., RN, CNM, PHD, Adelaide Tambo School Of Nursing Science, Tshwane University of Technology, Pretoria, South Africa

Abstract

The Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund in their 2001 report noted that South Africa has the fastest growing rate of people living with HIV/AIDS. This has led to an alarming increase in the number of children orphaned by AIDS and the attendant care of the orphaned children by their siblings. Our study aimed at identifying child headed households (CHHs) in the resource poor communities of Soshanguve Extension 12 and 13 in Pretoria, South Africa and to find out the reasons for the formation of these households. The study followed a qualitative, explorative design with a descriptive component for demographic data. It was conducted in the resource poor communities of Soshanguve Extension 12 and13 in the Gauteng province of South Africa. The research question: “How can children of child headed households be identified in the resource poor communities” guided the identification of these households and also aided to explore the reasons for the formation of these households. The participants for the study were purposively selected, and the criteria for inclusion in the study were children from 8-19 years of age and adult community members resident in the child headed households in Soshanguve Extension 12 and 13 as well as willingness to participate in the research. Data was collected using personal in-depth interviews and focus group interviews. From the data obtained, themes, categories and sub-categories were formed. The procedure for data analysis was adapted from the 8 steps Tesch’s protocol. The study showed that CHHs in the resource poor communities of Soshanguve Extension 12 and 13 were identified through the help of the community leaders as well as a data base of these children obtained from a Non-Governmental Organization, Akanani Community Care Centre, located in Soshanguve Extension 12. And the reasons for the formation of these households include parental death, parental illness, parental abandonment, parental preparation, alcoholic parents, preservation of property, HIV and AIDS, and lack of care and maltreatment by relatives. Based on our findings, we hope that the study serves important information in identifying CHHs in resource poor communities, especially in HIV/AIDS endemic areas and with the hope of caring for the households considering the serious socioeconomic problems faced by these households.

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DEMOCRACY AND THE CHALLENGE OF THE RULE OF LAW INDEVELOPING DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY

Olatunji, Felix O.; Department Of General Studies (Philosophy Unit), Ladoke Akintola University Of Technology, P. M. B. 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

Abstract

The concept of democracy ought to be approached by examining its essentials as contents of the term. It should be known from the outset that democracy expresses both principles and ideal. That is, principles, which those who believe in democracy wish to be given practical expression in the laws and institutions of the society; and ideals which provide goals toward which man in society should constantly aspire for the betterment of the society. From the fore-going, the focus of this paper shall not be adhered or centred on the definition of democracy alone but rather on the essence and significance of the rule of law on which the practice of democracy as a political ideology and system stands and rests. Meaning that, it is to thematise that without an implementation of a functional rule of law, such democratic system becomes a sham and pointless. And for proper insight of this paper, therefore, its methodology shall be purely expository, critical and analytical. This idea and ideal of the rule of law in any democratic society, if given a priority will portray good governance in human society.

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DR. ALEX EKWUEME AND THE SOCIOPOLITICAL PHILOSOPHY OF PHILANTHROPY

Iks J. Nwankwor; (SENIOR LECTURER) Philosophy Department, University Of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Abstract

Iks J. NwankworDr. Alexander Ifeanyichukwu Ekwueme, from Oko in Anambra State, is a prominent Nigerian politician and statesman. By training, he is an architect; but, his fertile mind has made exploits in other fields of endeavour. But more than the ingenuity of his mind is the fecundity of his heart that has brought existential prosperity to many. This paper focuses on his numerous contributions to the integral development of humanity, especially his philanthropic gestures. The paper reasons that any person who fosters the cause of humanity and his sociopolitical existence, like Dr. Ekwueme, is a lover of mankind; and therefore, he/she is at home with the science and wisdom of social and corporate existence. It contends that given Dr.Ekwueme’s impeccable love and services to humanity, he is a philosopher in the order of philanthropy. While the paper does not intend to project Dr. Ekwueme as a stainless statesman and untainted politician; it nevertheless, argues that his kind of little candle light of philanthropy is worth fanning into flame by all lovers of humanity. The paper challenges all philosophers and sages, who intend to impact positively and meaningfully on human existence, to develop a healthy universal mind of co-operating with Divinity in establishing a global right spirit for integral human development and prosperity.

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ON CAUSALITY AND SCIENCE: TOWARDS A DECONSTRUCTION OF AFRICAN THEORY OF FORCES

Chiedozie Okoro (Ph. D); Department Of Philosophy, University Of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria

Abstract

Against the background of the need for scientific and technological development, this essay examines African metaphysical theory of vital-force and its principle of interpenetrability, and questions how such a metaphysical system can constitute the basis for pure rational systematic empirical science and technology. The essay further argues that the metaphysical notion of causality informs a people’s notion or approach to science and technology. Consequently, in view of the fact of the religious, mystical and spiritual nature of African metaphysics, there is the need to evolve the culture of intellectualism which emphasizes the rigour of the mind, not the dynamisms of spirit, that is, if Africa wants to radically address the question of a sound metaphysical foundation for science and technology. In essence, the essay aims at the demolition of African metaphysical theory of forces and rebuts the argument that the culture of intellectualism (i.e. the metaphysics of pure reason) is responsible for the invention of a dehumanizing science.

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PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT PLANNING SUB-COMPONENTS AS VERITABLE INSTRUMENTS FOR ORDERING INTEGRATED GROWTH AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA

DR. H. I. Okoro; Department Of Geography, University Of Calabar, Nigeria

Abstract

Our attempt in this work is to present graphically the major milestones that are important in repositioning Nigeria for Urban and rural development. For there to be a sustainable development there has to be a well thought out National Development Plan and there must be the political will to assiduously pursue and implement the plan as enunciated. We concluded that Development Control and national Building Code are the bedrock for the management of the physical development in a developing nation like Nigeria. The method we have used here is that of integrative humanism. Urban and rural development can only be achieved if all the subsectors in physical development are
harnessed for national integrated growth.

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REVOLUTIONARY IMPULSE IN SELECTED POEMS OF HOPE EGHAGHA

Mgbojirikwe Chinaka C.; Department Of English And Literary Studies, University Of Calabar and

Okoronkwo Onyebuchi;  Department Of Economics University Of Calabar, Nigeria

Abstract

This study on “Revolutionary Impulse in Selected Poems of Hope Eghagha” explores the facets of psychological and revolutionary appeal on the oppressed masses in an effort to incite them to expropriate the expropriators in the society. The study is based on Eghagha’s Rhythms of the Last Testament (2002) and Premonitions and Other Dreams (2005). The study employs the theories of Psychoanalysis and Marxism to study the selected poems. As poet, Eghagha focuses on the social environment and how its structural composition affects various structural units in the society. For the poet, the structure of the society reflects oppression of the majority by the minority. His poetry consequently portrays various forms of social vices such as oppression, exploitation, corruption, injustice, insincerity, apathy, hypocrisy and betrayal, and presents them as driving forces to help the oppressed masses struggle for equitable distribution of resources. The study further demonstrates that this explicational approach facilitates access to the poet’s thematic foci which realize the immense constraints of society, and seek to use art as a revolutionary tool to salvage it. Equally, through the treatment of style – language, imagery and symbols, and graphological patterns — insights are got
on how the consciousness of the masses is shaped towards revolutionary action against social vices. The study discovers that the style of the poet is soused with the theme of revolutionary impulse which helps to bring out the exquisiteness in the poetry. Ultimately, the research concludes that a study of revolutionary impulse in the poetry of Eghagha could offer a revolutionary understanding and mindset to the poetry of most contemporary Nigerian poets.

Download Full Text (PDF)          Contact Authors

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