International Journal of Integrative Humanism Vol. 10 No. 2, December 2018.
ISSN: 2026 – 6286
Ikenna Ukpabi Unya
Restructuring has become the latest buzzword in the political history of Nigeria with political and non-political actors pushing forward their ideas and perspectives of what they think the concept means. Basically, there are two basic models for restructuring Nigeria: a conservative model aimed at maintaining the status quo by simply asking the federal government to shed off some of its exclusive powers and the radical model which calls for a fundamental devolution of powers to the states as federating units and a lean federal government with few exclusive powers over external relations. However, the two models are in agreement that there are fundamental defects in the system because of the over-centralization of the federal system following decades of military rule with its central command structure; thus, the call for the restructuring of the polity. The aim of this study is to investigate and critically analyze the restructuring question in Nigeria by looking at the different conceptual perspectives on restructuring; the benefits and the past restructuring efforts carried out in Nigeria since independence. Basically, the study is qualitative, utilizing mostly secondary data in its analysis. The findings of the study reveal that Nigeria has a plethora of frameworks on how to restructure. What is lacking, however, is the political will to implement the recommendations. The study, thus, concludes by recommending among other things that Nigerian leadership should summon courage or have the political will to implement the recommendations emanating from the past constitutional conferences; in addition, Nigeria should also embark on restructuring of the mindsets of the people which will create in the citizenry the virtues of honesty of purpose, dedication to duty and absence of corruption.
Keywords: Restructuring, Issues, Challenges, Way forward, Nigeria.